The prisoner of war camp at Cowra was well-run with the Red Cross having access to the prisoners. The Italian prisoners, who did not take part in the breakout, were generally a happy enough lot. Many were sent to work on local farms, which were short of labour. A sub-plot of Keneally’s novel “Shame and the Captives”, has a young woman named Alice falling in love with an Italian prisoner of war.
Near the site of the former Cowra prisoner of war camp there is a monument to all Italian soldiers who died in prison camps during World War II.